The suspect, who has been identified only as Mr Ao, was attending a concert by pop star Jacky Cheung in Nanchang city last weekend when he was caught.
Police said the 31-year-old, who was wanted for 'economic crimes', was 'shocked' when he was caught.
China has a huge surveillance network of over 170 million CCTV cameras.
'I wouldn't have gone'
Mr Ao had reportedly driven 90km (56 miles) from Zhangshu to Nanchang with his wife specially to catch the concert.
News site Kan Kan released footage that appeared to show the suspect speaking in police custody, saying: 'If I knew, I wouldn't have gone [to the concert].'
This is not the first time Chinese police have used facial recognition systems to catch suspects.
In August last year, police in Shandong province arrested 25 suspects using a facial recognition system that was set up at the Qingdao International Beer Festival.
China is a world leader in facial recognition technology and regularly reminds its citizens that such equipment will make it almost impossible to evade the authorities.
The country has been building what it calls 'the world's biggest camera surveillance network'.
An estimated 170 million CCTV cameras are already in place and some 400 million new ones are expected be installed in the next three years.
Many of the cameras use artificial intelligence, including facial recognition technology.
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